*Title: The efficacy of lumbar discectomy and single-level fusion for spondylolisthesis: results from the NeuroPoint-SD registry.
*Author: Zoher Ghogawala, Christopher I. Shaffrey, Anthony L. Asher, Robert F. Heary, Tanya Logvinenko, Neil R. Malhotra, Stephen J. Dante, R. John Hurlbert, Andrea F. Douglas, Subu N. Magge, Praveen V. Mumm aneni, Joseph S. Cheng, Justin S. Smith, Michael G. Kaiser, Khalid M. Abbed, Daniel M. Sciubba, Daniel K. Resnick
*Bibliography: J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Nov;19(5):555-63.
-To establish a multicenter cooperative research group.
-To demonstrate the feasibility of developing a registry to assess the efficacy of common lumbar spinal procedures.
▶Study type: Observational prospective cohort study (13 US academic, community sites)
▶Subject: Total 160 patients (lumbar disc herniation 125 + spondylolisthesis 35)
-Unselected patients undergoing lumbar discectomy or single-level fusion for spondylolisthesis.
▶Follow-up time: 1, 3, 6, 12 months after surgery
▶Evaluation method: SF-36, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and visual analog scale (VAS)
-There were 198 enrolled over 1 year.
▶Median age: 45 yrs (49% female) for lumbar discectomy (n = 148)/
58 yrs (58% female) for lumbar spondylolisthesis (n = 50)
▶Complications: 12 patients (6.1%) -At 30 days
(10 patients (6.8%) with disc herniation and 1 (2%) with spondylolisthesis)
▶Follow-up rate: 88.3% (over 1 yr)
▶Clinical outcomes(VAS, ODI, SF-36 scores): Both lumbar discectomy and single-level fusion procedures were significant improvements(p ≤ 0.0002).
▶Return to work: 80% of patients (for 1 yr).
-Flow diagram of the NeuroPoint-SD study showing enrollment and follow-up compliance rates.
-It is feasible to build a national spine registry for the collection of high-quality prospective data to demonstrate the effectiveness of spinal procedures in actual practice.